METHOD OF CORRECTION OF THE PSYCHOPHYSICAL CONDITION OF PRESCHOOL CHILDREN WITH FREQUENT RESPIRATORY DISEASES BY ADAPTIVE PHYSICAL TRAINING

Saiko Nataliia Olexandrivna Сайко Наталія Олександрівна

Abstract


The article considers the possibilities of using the method of adaptive physical training in preschool education to correct the psychophysical condition of children with frequent respiratory diseases. The main directions of implementation of the method psychophysical condition correction for preschool children with frequent respiratory diseases by means of adaptive physical education were identified. The health improvement direction has the purpose to increase the optimization of all body systems. The forming direction aims to form such social qualities as perseverance, patience, courage, determination and strong-willed qualities. Educational direction provides the acquisition of systematic knowledge about the methods and techniques of strengthening the body, the timely development of motor skills and abilities, the rules of a healthy lifestyle.

The main means of implementing this technique were identified among the following means of adaptive physical education: hyperventilation training, exercises on breathing simulators, exercises with a moderate load on the upper extremities, educational games-exercises, games-travel, dosed walking. Appropriate methods of work with preschool children who often suffer from respiratory diseases, such as  doing of cyclic exercises; performing short-term dynamic loads at short intervals; filling in intervals with relaxation exercises or breathing exercises; use of dynamic and static breathing exercises of moderate intensity; application of speed and strength exercises are presented in the article. The effectiveness of the proposed method of correction of psychophysical condition for preschool children was determined by noticing of physical indicators during the performance of various tasks and psychological test methods.

 Key words: adaptive physical training, physical exercises, health improvement direction, forming direction, educational direction.

Accepted:  12.05.2021

Reviewed:  18.05.2021

Published:  02.06.2021

DOIhttps://doi.org/10.31108/3.2021.5.1.16


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