TECHNOLOGY OF THE DEVELOPMENT OF THINKING AND SPEAKING OF JUNIOR PUPIL DURING STUDYING

Митник Олександр Якович Mytnyk Alexander Yakovych

Abstract


In this article the concept of conceptual and divergent thinking and technologies of  development of thinking and speaking during studying in primary school are explained, the meaning of the concept “thinking ability” is revealed,  structural components of the technology are presented, such components as conceptual (thinking situation, psychological and pedagogical conditions of education), content: the content of studying in primary school, processual: interactive ways of studying (brainstorming, inversion, incident, empathy, synectics), its psychological essence is described, forms of interaction of members of the educational process and system of tasks, aimed at the development of conceptual thinking and speaking, are presented, diagnostic and correctional: empirical (diagnostic) methods: questionnaire, methods, tests, observational methods (direct and indirect observation); methods of control and self-control, which have to help teacher to adjust the development of thinking of junior pupil and to encourage each student to achieve higher results; mechanisms of deployment of thinking situation in educational process are characterized as the basis of upbringing the desire to think; it is proved that the development of conceptual thinking is the basis of development of creative and divergent thinking, that such a development is the main goal in educational process; different tasks for development are presented, psychological and pedagogical peculiarities of the work of the teacher with students over the tasks.

Keywords: conceptual thinking, divergent thinking, technologies of the development of conceptual and divergent thinking, thinking situation, interactive ways of learning, the system tasks for development.

 

Отримано: 03.09.2019

Відрецензовано: 26.09.2019

Опубліковано: 30.09.2019

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