THE OBJECT-ORIENTED APPROACH: HISTORY AND SOME APPLICATION IN PSYCHOLOGY AND EDUCATION

Stepura Igor Volodymyrovych Степура Ігор Володимирович

Abstract


The article describes the object-oriented paradigm of data integration (in the forms of systems analysis, programming, design), its application can be found in various fields of science and technology. The object-oriented paradigm is formed at the intersection of mathematics, logic, cybernetics and psychology in the 60th of the XX century. The next early researches made historically important contribution to the object-oriented paradigm: I.Sutherland, K. Nygaard, O. Dahl, A. Kay, D.Inglas, T.Kagler, A.Goldberg. They offered two fundamental concepts of programming languages: Simula 67 and Smalltalk, the concept of which were the source of many modern languages. The object-oriented approach to programming allows a programmer to group particular pieces of information together with frequently used functions or actions associated with that information. The general principle in the object-oriented approach is that an object s described as a special object data type. With increasing of popularity of the programming languages that use the object-oriented programming technology, teachers faced with the task to teach students to this approach, and later ideas appeared to use such approach as didactic one, as a theoretical basis for development of methodologies and technologies for efficient structuring of learning content. In the ex-USSR countries, works are underway aimed at application of such approach for the needs of education (E.V. Baranova, I.N.Arzhanov, A.G. Stepanov). There are some applications in the field of organizational psychology (V.N.Dorohov, V.A. Kopnov, E.V.Valeeva).

Keywords: object-oriented paradigm, system, information science, object, I.Sutherland, object-oriented approach in education, programming language.

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DOI: https://doi.org/10.31108/

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