ORIENTATION OF THE INDIVIDUAL AS A HIGHER STAGE IN THE DEVELOPMENT OF MOTIVATIONAL SPHERE OF PERSONALATY

Martseniuk Maryna Oleksiivna Марценюк Марина Олексіївна, Shtyh Irina Igorivna Штих Ірина Ігорівна

Abstract


The meaning of personality orientation as mental property which expresses needs, motivation, philosophy, guidelines, objectives and activities of life is expanded. The place of orientation in the structure of personality is shown. The theoretical analysis of the problem is carried out and the results of  peculiar research on the impact of  students personality orientation  on their mental states in the educational process in secondary schools.

The structure of orientation includes three groups of motives: humane, personal, business. The focus is as an internal position of the individual in relation to the social environment, individual objects to the social environment.

Special attention should be payed to the orientation factor affecting the mental state. Motives, needs, interests, desires, inclinations - all of that can be attributed to the structure of the orientation of the student individual affect the occurrence of the mental state of the student, which is in the learning process. Thus, the orientation is an internal determinant of mental states of categories of students we studied.

Our research shows that in the determinants of students mental states in secondary schools dominant role belongs to the orientation of the individual. The focus of the individual student and the modality determines the sign of his mental state and age characteristics of their occurrence. Mental states are due to orientation, which in turn is the highest stage in the development of motivational sphere of personality. Orientation is formed and manifested in the activities.

Keywords: individual, orientation, motivation, motivational sphere, attitudes, mental states, states determinants.

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DOI: https://doi.org/10.31108/

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